TV & Radio
Keys to prevention: From education to surveillance to hormone 'treatment,' debate rages over how to stop sex offenders from striking again.
11/29/2005(IHT/Asahi: November 29,2005)
By KATSUHIRO IGATA, AKANE SUJINO and SATSUKI FUJITA
The Asahi Shimbun
NARA--A full year after the shock and outrage following a 7-year-old Nara girl's abduction and murder by a previously convicted sex offender, the national effort to prevent sex crime recidivism is off to a slow, difficult start.
Some steps have been taken, to be sure. The Justice Ministry began informing the National Police Agency (NPA) in June whenever sex offenders who have assaulted children are about to be released from prison.
And in April next year, a revision to the Prison Law will make correctional education mandatory in prisons nationwide.
Police officials admit, however, that it is difficult to maintain a balance between keeping tabs on sex offenders and not hindering their social rehabilitation.
"We could do no more than go to their home and check their doorplates, that's about all," a senior Kinki region prefectural police official said of the police's responsibility to monitor pedophiles' whereabouts.
The high-profile Nara murder case that sparked the so-far tentative efforts was particularly gruesome.
The first-grader was kidnapped and killed on her way home from school on Nov. 17, 2004. Her body was discovered in a roadside ditch the next day. Her family was sent threatening messages and photos of her via e-mail.
Kaoru Kobayashi, 36, a former newspaper deliveryman, was later arrested and charged in the case. He pleaded guilty. Kobayashi had twice before been convicted for assaulting children.
His arrest brought into focus the need to prevent sex crime recidivism.
Under the Justice Ministry-NPA program, prisons inform police of the scheduled release of inmates convicted of sexually assaulting children under 13.
Between June and October, the ministry says it sent reports on about 80 cases to the NPA.
The information includes the date of release and the inmates' intended residence, but little else. No photos are included.
Also, in order to avoid hindering the pedophiles' social reintegration, the NPA issued a directive ordering officers to "try to be considerate, and avoid contact with their family, neighbors and workplace as much as possible."
The whereabouts of nearly 10 pedophiles released since June are unknown, according to a police source. Yet, there have been few steps taken to trace them, said one source.
By comparison, the United States, Britain and some other nations have much tougher programs to prevent repeat offenses.
In the United States, the names and addresses of the perpetrators of serious sex crimes are made known to community residents. In Britain, an experiment is under way to trace habitual offenders with the satellite-based global positioning system.
Japan's program is less harsh, both to encourage rehabilitation and, as a ministry official explained, "because it takes a lot of time and trouble, like legal revisions," to create systems comparable to those of other nations.
Some lawmakers and experts suggest Japan needs to consider using hormone-curbing substances and other drugs to "treat" repeat offenders, though the Justice Ministry is wary of such ideas.
For now, Hidemichi Morosawa, a professor of criminology at the Tokiwa University graduate school, says information on repeated sex offenders should be given to schools and other organizations that deal with children.
At the same time, he said, the government and the private sector should strengthen their cooperation to help with ex-convicts' integration back into society.
Government subsidies to businesses that employ ex-inmates would certainly help, he said.
Koichi Kikuta, professor emeritus of criminology at Meiji University, is critical of the program to inform police of the imminent release of sex offenders.
"(Such) information could prejudice police, possibly leading to the arrest of an innocent person," Kikuta said.
"There is no panacea for recidivism prevention, because there is a complicated mentality behind sex offenses," he said. "It would be more effective to improve correctional education by gearing programs toward individuals."
But this correctional education is rarely provided. As of March, only 13 of the nation's 74 prisons had education programs for sex offenders. One of those 13 is the Shiga prison in Otsu, where Kobayashi was imprisoned for sexual assault in 1991.
It provides five hourlong lecture and discussion classes over a three-month period. Inmates watch videos that describe the mental scars sexual abuse leaves with victims. They also write essays and discuss how they might atone for their deeds.
A total of 40 inmates went through the prison's program in the year that ended in May.
"We hope that learning how victims suffer (because of what the sex offenders did) will help them not to offend again," said a prison official in charge of the program.
However, the Shiga prison receives no special government assistance, neither financial nor in terms of personnel.
It was only after the Nara case led to the revision of the Prison Law making correctional education mandatory that the Justice Ministry started working on a national, unified program.
Not everyone is convinced that correctional education offers much hope. Prison guards have seen case after case of ex-inmates, ostracized from society after release, committing similar crimes again in desperation.
One correction official wonders if their prison's education program really helps prevent repeated offenses.
2005年11月29日 (火) 22:13 読売
ローマ法王庁、同性愛者の聖職禁止・文書を公表 (共同 2005/11/29)
November 30, 2005 latimes.com
Vatican Issues Guidelines on Gay Priests
Pope Benedict's first major instruction sets restrictions on seminary candidates that are assailed by liberals and hailed by conservatives.
By Tracy Wilkinson, Times Staff Writer
ROME — The Vatican on Tuesday formally released instructions that block actively gay men from the priesthood, a long-anticipated document that already has opened a debate over how it will be applied and whether it will have a healing, or detrimental, effect on the Roman Catholic Church.
Church conservatives are applauding the document for taking a strong stance against what many see as an immoral "gay subculture" within seminaries and church life, and for establishing clearer restrictions on who is suitable to become a priest.
But liberals said they feared the rules would be used to keep qualified men out of a depleted priesthood because of their sexual identity, even when celibate.
This is the first major instruction to be issued by Pope Benedict XVI, and the fact that it focused on homosexuality reflected the German pontiff's concern over morals he sees being eroded by Western secular culture.
Cardinal Zenon Grocholewski, author of the eight-page document as prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education, said Tuesday that it was crucial for the church to speak out now.
"Many are defending a position in which the homosexual condition is considered a normal condition of the human being, almost like a third gender," Grocholewski told Vatican Radio. "That absolutely contradicts human anthropology, and, according to the church, contradicts natural law."
The document, which was leaked in its entirety last week on a Catholic news website, says that men with "deep-seated homosexual tendencies" or who support a "gay culture" may not become priests. But men who have "overcome" a homosexuality that was "transitory" and who have remained celibate for three years before joining the seminary are eligible.
Father Robert Gahl, a theologian, praised the document for establishing "more challenging expectations" for men who want to become priests. Homosexuals are clearly barred, he said, because the rules require a man with homosexual tendencies not only to have lived a celibate life but to have overcome those tendencies long before entering the seminary.
"Anyone who considers himself homosexual ought to realize that as such, the church is not calling him to the priesthood," said Gahl, who teaches at Rome's St. Cross Pontifical University, which is run by the conservative Opus Dei organization.
"The document is strong in that it restates in this time of crisis in the church what has always been the traditional teaching of the church, [that homosexuals] are objectively disordered," Gahl said. "It screens out candidates who suffer from emotional immaturity, especially in a sexual area."
But Father Mark R. Francis, superior general of the Rome-based Clerics of St. Viator, said some of the language was so ambiguous that the guidelines would be interpreted and applied differently from diocese to diocese. The document, for example, does not provide definitions of "deep-seated homosexual tendencies" and "transitory" homosexuality.
"There is a question of what the document says, and what good pastoral practice is," Francis said.
"We have some very good gay priests who are gay in terms of their orientation but who are celibate and chaste," Francis continued. "If the document is interpreted in a very strict manner, it would be an impoverishment for the church and would exclude excellent people. There will have to be prudential judgment on who is accepted into seminaries."
Grocholewski, the cardinal, sought to illuminate at least one of these points. He said "transitory" homosexuality referred to acts committed out of youthful curiosity, in a state of inebriation or by a man confined to prison for many years. These were not "deep tendencies" but "transitory circumstances," and as long as they occurred more than three years before application to the seminary, the person remained eligible for the priesthood.
The debate over the document appears most intense in the United States, where homosexuality in the priesthood has long been openly discussed. Although experts note that homosexuality and pedophelia are not linked, the clergy sexual abuse scandal rocking the U.S. church further highlighted the existence of gay priests because many victims were male.
Vatican officials began work on the document years before the scandal, but its exposure made the guidelines "more urgent," according to a preamble to the instructions.
George Weigel, a conservative Catholic biographer of the late Pope John Paul II and senior fellow at the Washington-based Ethics and Public Policy Center, said he hoped the document would help foster a "genuine and enduring" reform of the priesthood.
But "that is entirely up to local bishops," he said in an e-mail response to a request for comment. "... No Roman document (and particularly one that essentially reiterates long-standing Church policy) can substitute for courageous leadership by religious superiors, calling all under their authority to live the 'more excellent way' by honoring the majesty of their vows."
The document states that the ordination of homosexuals can have "negative consequences" because they cannot relate correctly to the men and women in their flock. It says priests must develop a "true sense of spiritual fatherhood for the ecclesiastical community ... entrusted to him."
Vatican officials said the new guidelines are not meant to suggest removal of priests who are already serving. Church officials also have responded to accusations of discrimination, saying there is no "right" to become a priest. It is a calling, they say, a gift from God.
Vatican gay document officially released
Tue Nov 29, 2005 03:56 AM ET
By Philip Pullella
VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - A Vatican document which has sparked controversy because it restricts homosexuals from entering the Catholic priesthood was finally released on Tuesday after being widely leaked in the media.
The short document, which takes a strict line on the place of gays in the clergy, has already been praised by conservatives and condemned by liberals and set off heated debate well beyond the Roman Catholic Church.
Confronting an issue that has divided the faithful worldwide, it says practising homosexuals should be barred from entering the priesthood along with men with "deep-seated" homosexual tendencies and those who support gay culture.
The document says only men who had clearly overcome homosexual tendencies for at least three years should be admitted to the priesthood.
Gay groups have said the Church is using homosexuals as scapegoats for its sexual abuse scandals.
Conservative Catholics have welcomed the document as an important step in the reform of the priesthood, particularly in the United States, where they say some seminaries had become venues for a thriving subculture.
Many inside and outside the Church have said the document risks alienating men who would be good priests and would be able to honor their vow of celibacy.
"Having worked with bishops and priests, diocesan and religious, all over the world, I have no doubt that God does call homosexuals to the priesthood, and they are among the most dedicated and impressive priests I have met," said Father Timothy Radcliffe, former master of the Dominican order.
"And we may presume that God will continue to call both homosexuals and heterosexuals to the priesthood because the Church needs the gifts of both," Radcliffe wrote in the British Catholic weekly the Tablet.
The document reinforces standing policy that many in the Church believe has not been properly enforced. Its urgency has been highlighted by the 2002 sexual abuse scandal in the United States, which involved mostly abuse of teenage boys by priests.
It does not affect those men who are already priests but only those entering seminaries to prepare for the priesthood.
It restates long-standing Church teaching that deep-seated homosexual tendencies are "objectively disordered" and that homosexual acts are grave sins.
The "instruction" by the Vatican's Congregation for Catholic Education, makes a difference between deep-seated homosexual tendencies and "the expression of a transitory problem."
It says homosexual tendencies must be clearly overcome at least three years before ordination to the deaconate, a position just one step short of the priesthood which usually precedes ordination by about a year.
It says heads of seminaries have a serious duty to see to it that candidates for the priesthood do not "present disturbances of a sexual nature which are incompatible with the priesthood."
Last Updated: Tuesday, 29 November 2005, 08:53 GMT
Vatican renews ban on gay priests BBC
The Vatican has published long-awaited guidelines which reaffirm that active homosexuals and "supporters of gay culture" may not become priests.
But it treats homosexuality as a "tendency", not an orientation, and says those who have overcome it can begin training to take holy orders.
At least three years must pass between "overcoming [a] transitory problem" and ordination as a deacon, the rules say.
All Catholic priests take a vow of celibacy, regardless of orientation.
The guidelines make no reference to current priests, but only to those about to join a seminary.
Some Catholic theologians feel the document is not sufficiently clear, the BBC's Peter Gould says.
That it refers to "tendencies" rather than orientation "has left many people scratching their heads," Jesuit scholar Father Thomas Reese told him.
The 18-paragraph document was published with little fanfare on Tuesday morning. The Vatican is not offering further explanation.
The document was leaked last week and published by an Italian Catholic news website, Adista.
Critics have long objected that gay seminarians might feel they have no choice but to lie about their sexual orientation.
The guidelines specifically address this issue, urging candidates for the priesthood to tell the truth.
"It would be gravely dishonest for a candidate to hide his own homosexuality," the document says.
Observers say the new rules might lead to a dramatic drop in the number of priests, especially in the West.
The document, drafted by the Vatican's Congregation for Catholic Education and approved by Pope Benedict on 31 August, describes homosexual acts as "grave sins" that cannot be justified under any circumstances.
"If a candidate practises homosexuality, or presents deep-seated homosexual tendencies, his spiritual director as well as his confessor have the duty to dissuade him in conscience from proceeding towards ordination," it says.
"Such persons in fact find themselves in a situation that presents a grave obstacle to a correct relationship with men and women."
But the paper also stresses the Church's deep respect for homosexuals, who, it says, should by no means be discriminated against.
Homosexuals had already been barred from priesthood in a 1961 document .
Canon law experts note that the new guidelines were not issued in forma specifica, meaning the Pope has not officially invested it with his personal authority, according to the National Catholic Reporter.
That might mean there is room for further interpretation or revision in the future.
The guidelines are the outcome of a review ordered by the late Pope John Paul II following the highly damaging abuse scandals in the US, in which several men accused priests of having abused them as teenagers.
|| Health News ||
November 29, 2005
HIV cases rise 20% in Canada
New HIV cases in Canada have risen 20% during the past five years, with gay and bisexual men accounting for about 45% of all new HIV diagnoses in the country, according to a report by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS. The Toronto Star reports that about 30% of the new HIV cases were acquired through heterosexual sex, and that about one quarter of all new infections are occurring among women, up from about 10% a decade ago. About 25% of the country’s new HIV cases were reported among injection-drug users. Aileen Carroll, federal minister of international cooperation, says poverty, drug use, and increased sexual risk taking are the main factors fueling the increase in infections across the country. “When you consider how readily available information is to young people, when you consider how readily available are means to protect, it's very disconcerting to see how risk taking continues," she told a news conference. (Advocate.com)
HIV cases increase 20 per cent in Canada
58,000 people diagnosed with virus
Women account for a quarter of new cases
Nov. 22, 2005. 01:00 AM
MEDICAL REPORTER - Toronto Star
Almost 58,000 people in Canada have been diagnosed with HIV, a 20 per cent rise in the past five years, with women accounting for a quarter of new cases, the United Nations says.
While the government has spent considerable money to fight the disease at home, "the statistics continue to expand," Aileen Carroll, federal minister of international co-operation, told a news conference yesterday to unveil UNAIDS update on the epidemic.
The largest group of people infected were men having sex with men, accounting for 45 per cent of new HIV cases in Canada last year.
About 30 per cent of new cases were through heterosexual transmission and the rest were due to intravenous drug use, the U.N. reported.
Women now account for over a quarter of new diagnoses, compared to less than 10 per cent a decade ago.
Young women aged 15 to 29 are particularly at risk, representing 42 per cent of newly diagnosed women in Canada last year, up from 13 per cent 20 years ago.
The U.N. also tracks AIDS cases.
While the number of annual AIDS cases has dropped in Canada from 1,776 10 years ago to 237 last year due to antiretroviral treatments, a growing proportion are among black and aboriginal Canadians, the report says.
The spread in Canada is largely a problem of poverty and drug use, Carroll said, but "when you consider how readily available information is to young people, when you consider how readily available are means to protect ... it's very disconcerting to see how the risk-taking continues."
The problem is the same in the United States where rates, particularly among women, continue to rise and "we should not have been caught off guard," said Helen Gayle, director of HIV, TB and reproductive health for the Gates Foundation. The estimated number of people living with HIV in the U.S. at the end of 2003 exceeded one million for the first time.
Around the globe, close to 5 million new HIV infections were recorded this year, 3.2 million of them in sub-Saharan Africa, the report says. Another 3 million people died of AIDS-related diseases, more than half a million of them children.
Today, the total number of people living with HIV stands at 40.3 million, double the number a decade ago.
"Despite progress made in a small but growing number of countries (Kenya, Zimbabwe and some Caribbean countries), the AIDS epidemic continues to outstrip global efforts to contain it," said UNAIDS director Dr. Peter Piot.
"It is clear that a rapid increase in the scale and scope of HIV prevention programs is urgently needed. We must move from small projects with short-term horizons to long-term comprehensive strategies."
AIDS has killed more than 25 million people since it was first recognized 25 years ago, "making it one of the most destructive epidemics in recorded history," the report says.
The drop in the number of new cases shows that "global investments and commitment can have an impact on the devastation of this disease," said Richard Feachem, executive director of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
The fund needs $7.1 billion (U.S.) for the next two years but so far, has received pledges of only $3.8 billion from participating countries.
Carroll announced $60 million in new funding to fight the epidemic worldwide, including $12 million for research on a vaccine and $1.2 million for an AIDS conference to be held in August.
増え続けるＨＩＶ感染者 明暗分かつ 対策と課題 (東京 2005/11/29)
十二月一日は世界エイズデー。国連エイズ合同計画と世界保健機関（ＷＨＯ）が発表した「エイズ報告書」によると、世界のエイズウイルス（ＨＩＶ）感染者は四千万人を超え、新規感染者も増加している。一方で国によっては明るい兆しも見えるという。何が明暗を分けているのだろうか。 （吉田 薫）
Bird flu, same-sex, posting
By ANGELA JEFFS - Japan Times 2005/11/29
Same sex marriage
X in Canada wants to know if his marriage there to Japanese boyfriend Y is legal in Japan. "As you probably know, Canada became the fourth country in the world to legalize gay marriages third year, along with the Netherlands, Belgium and Spain. If we decide to move to Japan, how will this affect us?"
Legally, Japan does not recognize same-sex marriages. You will not be able to get a spouse visa, for example. If you want confirmation or to argue the case, call the Immigration Information Office in Tokyo's Shinagawa district on (03) 5796 7112.
In terms of finding accommodation, most probably a blind eye will be turned to two men sharing; just get all the paperwork done in your Japanese partner's name.
The place to go to deal with sexuality-related human rights issues in Japan is the organization OCCUR, which welcomes any inquiries about the legal ramifications of recognizing overseas marriages and/or human rights violations.
OCCUR can be contacted on(03) 3383-5556, or (fax) (03) 3229-7880. Alternatively e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Web posted at: 19:59 JST
カナダ下院、内閣不信任案を可決・解散、総選挙へ (日本経済 2005/11/29)
カナダ内閣不信任 下院可決し解散、来年１月にも選挙 (中日 2005/11/29)
Canada's Government Toppled
by Ben Thompson, 365Gay.com Ottawa Bureau
Posted: November 28, 2005 7:00 pm ET
(Ottawa) Canada's three opposition parties toppled the 17 month old government of Prime Minister Paul Martin Monday night, throwing the country into a January election.
The campaign is expected to be the nastiest and possibly most expensive election in Canadian history with same-sex marriage once more being an issue.
Passage of Canada's national gay marriage law was one of the few successes the Martin government has had. The legislation became law in July (story) despite fierce opposition in Parliament by Conservatives.
Conservative leader Stephen Harper has vowed to bring in legislation to repeal the marriage act if his party forms the next government.
Although he has said he would not use a rider in the Canadian Constitution allowing a government to opt out of any single provision in the Charter of Rights most legal experts say that would be the only way to overturn the law.
The procedure has never been used by a federal government.
Short of an absolute majority government it is unlikely that any attempt to overturn the law would succeed. Both smaller opposition parties, the New Democrats and the Bloc Quebecois, support the law, along with most Liberals.
Nevertheless, the marriage issue is seen as an election issue by both Liberals and Conservatives.
For Harper it is a means of rallying his conservative base.
For Martin's Liberals it is a chance of coloring the Tories as bigots who would weaken the Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
It was a tactic that worked well in the last election leading up to the marriage vote in Parliament.
With the Conservatives ahead in the public opinion polls, Liberals resorted to negative ads accusing Harper of endangering the protections of all minorities. The tactic worked but handed Martin only a minority government.
This time, public opinion polls show the Liberals likely to win another minority, but pollsters point out that anything can happen in an election campaign.
While same-sex marriage is likely to play a role in the campaign, the major issue for the Conservatives will be scandals which have plagued 12 years of Liberal governments. Liberals are expected to rely on their strong economic record.
MPs topple Liberal government, trigger election
Last Updated Mon, 28 Nov 2005 19:01:42 EST
The opposition parties banded together Monday to defeat the Liberal minority government and set the stage for an election that is expected to culminate in a mid-January vote.
In a 171 to 133 vote, the House passed an historic no-confidence motion exactly one year and five months after Canadian voters elected the Liberals.
Prime Minister Paul Martin will now have to go see Governor General Michaëlle Jean Tuesday morning and ask her to dissolve Parliament.
As the vote was conducted, parliamentarians stood up to applaud MPs who will not be running in the next election.
INDEPTH: Divided Parliament
The Liberal defeat marks the first time a government has fallen on a straight motion of no-confidence in Parliament.
Other minority governments have been forced into elections after losing budget votes or censure motions interpreted as loss of confidence.
Last week, Opposition Leader Stephen Harper officially tabled the motion of no-confidence which read: "That this House has lost confidence in the government."
The Liberals have 133 seats, followed by the Conservatives with 98, the Bloc Quebecois with 53 and the NDP with 18. There are four seats held by Independents and two are vacant.
According to a poll conducted by Environics Research for the CBC, 35 per cent of decided voters said they would vote Liberal. The Conservatives came in at 30 per cent and the NDP were picked by 20 per cent.
RELATED STORY: Canadians want majority, expect minority: poll
With a margin of error +/- 2.5%, 19 times out of 20, the poll puts the Liberals and Conservatives at a virtual dead heat.
Federal elections have to be held on a Monday and the campaigns have to be at least 36 days long. Martin is expected to call for a slightly longer campaign, setting the vote for mid-January, either the 16th or the 23rd, with an agreement among the parties to take a holiday break and stop campaigning between Dec. 23 and Jan. 3.
An eight-week campaign would be the longest the country has seen in two decades.
The last time a government fell at the hands of the opposition was Joe Clark's Conservative government in 1979.
Monday's vote means a number of bills will die on the order paper, among them an act to decriminalize small amounts of marijuana and an animal cruelty bill.
November 28, 2005
Transgender, intersex leaders meet in Argentina, issue declaration The Empty Closet
New York City and Buenos Aires) The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC), responding to the needs of Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) transgender and intersex individuals, convened the first-ever Transgender and Intersex Training Institute to help plan for the future of the trans and intersex movements in LAC.
The two-week Training Institute took place in Cordoba, Argentina in October where a seven-member coordinating team and 19 activists and advocates from 14 countries trained together in the areas of human rights, transgender and intersex politics and activism, and organizational development. The participants shared experiences, successes, failures, and strategies to ensure full and equal social and political rights for trans and intersex individuals.
At the end of the Institute, participants issued an eight-point statement—La Falda Declaration— to serve as guiding principles for working on trans and intersex issues throughout LAC. With all participants signing La Falda Declaration, they stated, among other items, that together they all:
• Affirm and defend the right of all trans and intersex people to fully enjoy their fundamental human rights;
• Affirm the need to collectively build positive cultural representations of trans and intersex communities and individuals;
• Demand…protection for trans and intersex activists as human rights defenders;
• Commit to fight together against all forms of state and non-state violence.
“This meeting was a historic step for the trans and intersex communities in Latin American and the Caribbean,” stated Alejandra Sarda, program coordinator for IGLHRC’s Buenos Aires office for LAC. “The Institute can help form an intra-regional network for building the capacity of trans and intersex activists and the organizations for which they work. Even though these activists have worked individually on trans and intersex issues for years, many had never come face-to-face with other LAC activists working on the same issues. They were able to take the time to learn, reflect and challenge themselves and others to develop a fuller and more effective vision that will empower them to move forward.”
“This Institute was a key to open doors, to free ourselves from censorship, from the invisibility in which many times our bodies and identities have been placed by society,” said Dalia Daniela Romero, a participant from Colombia at the Training Institute. Andres Rivera from Chile attended the Cordoba meeting and commented, “To acknowledge each other’s existences, to learn how trans people live in other countries… those have been the first building rocks for creating a trans movement with its own agenda that is also able to discuss and exchange with other movements.”
Trans and intersex individuals are particularly vulnerable to abuse, violence, discrimination, harassment, torture, economic discrimination, arbitrary arrest and detention, and other human rights violations, which are over-looked and often perpetrated by the police and other government officials. The 7th Annual Transgender Day of Remembrance on November 20, 2005 served to memorialize those killed due to anti-transgender hatred or prejudice. In 2004, IGLHRC documented 71 murders of LGBT people, including murders that were specifically targeted at trans people in Chile, Brazil, Honduras, Argentina, Mexico, El Salvador, and Guatemala.
• In La Plata, Buenos Aries, Argentina, Giselle, a trans sex worker, was brutally beaten to death by unidentified men while she was working. Her sister and a friend tried to launch an investigation, but abandoned the effort after receiving death threats from the police.
• In Lima, Peru, in November, police discovered the body of a young transvestite who had been tortured to death. Her body was then burnt. She has not yet been identified.
• In Santiago, Chile, in May, two skinheads beat a transgender woman, Cecilia Canto (45), in the street, near a police station. Police officers refused to even call an ambulance.
In Latin America and throughout the Caribbean, there are few laws that provide protection from discrimination for trans and intersex people. Laws in a number of countries prohibit or restrict access to sex reassignment surgery, and a wide array of countries have public laws that prohibit cross-dressing. To make matters worse, trans and intersex organizations, such as ALITT, one of the main trans organizations in Argentina, are denied official legal recognition and thereby, suffer from an increased lack of funding.
“IGLHRC is committed to working with LAC trans activists and organizations – to face head-on the injustices trans people face – and to advance broad social change and tolerance for all trans and intersex individuals, ” stated Paula Ettelbrick, executive director of IGLHRC.
Since the late 1990s, IGLHRC has had staff working directly in Latin America, but in the last year, the size of the staff in its Buenos Aires, Argentina office has doubled. The LAC Program is involved throughout the region working in collaboration with other human rights and LGBT organizations in documenting human rights abuses, playing a role in emergency response, and as a convener of meetings and human rights training.
For more information and a copy of La Falda Declaration, contact Geoffrey Knox at 212-229-0540 or email@example.com
The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) is the only human rights organization solely devoted to improving the rights of people around the world who are targeted for imprisonment, abuse or murder because of their sexuality, gender identity or HIV status. IGLHRC addresses human rights violations by partnering with and supporting activists on the ground in countries around the world, by monitoring and documenting abuses, by engaging offending governments, and by educating international human rights officials. A US-based non-profit, non-governmental organization, IGLHRC is based in New York, with offices in San Francisco and Buenos Aires. http://www.iglhrc.org
ＤＶ被害者ら支援、公営住宅の単身入居認める （2005年11月28日21時26分 読売新聞）