TV & Radio
[ 2006年05月06日 11時48分 ]
［ローマ 4日 ロイター］ イタリアで初の「トランスジェンダーの国会議員」が誕生したが、国会にあるトイレのどちらの性別を使用するかをめぐって、当事者と中道右派の議員たちの意見に食い違いが生じている。
Italy's transgender MP fights toilet "apartheid"
Thu May 4, 2006 9:23 PM BST
By Phil Stewart
ROME (Reuters) - Among the most pressing orders of business for Europe's first "transgender" lawmaker may be fighting over which toilet to use in the Italian parliament.
Elected last month, Vladimir Luxuria said on Thursday she was opposed to toilet "apartheid" after a centre-right lawmaker suggested the creation of a special, third lavatory for all transgender politicians.
In Italy, and all of Europe, that means just Luxuria.
"I didn't expect politics to sink this low," Luxuria, a 40-year-old drag queen and defender of gay rights said in an interview with the online edition of Corriere della Sera daily.
Born Wladimiro Guadagno, Luxuria prefers to be referred to as a she and expressed a general preference for women's bathrooms. She suggested women reacted better than men did.
"There are many difficult moments in the life of a transgender and even some embarrassing ones, like the use of public bathrooms. Maybe we go to the ladies' toilet because the men get embarrassed," Luxuria said.
The transgender toilet, Corriere said, was suggested by a newly elected lawmaker in the lower house of parliament, Lucio Barani, a member of centre-right opposition.
Barani said in a statement it would avoid embarrassment.
Luxuria, who has dressed in low-key women's suits since entering the world of politics, is keen not to be considered a novelty along the lines of porn star Ilona 'Cicciolina' Staller who sat in the assembly in the 1980s and was famous for her impromptu stripteases.
Among her campaign issues was a promise to seek legal recognition of civil unions by homosexual couples.
"The apartheid of urinary segregation is not an issue that moves me particularly," Luxuria said. "I don't want the privilege of having a toilet all to myself."
It is not the first time that Luxuria has found herself under attack by the centre right.
Alessandra Mussolini, granddaughter of Italy's wartime fascist dictator Benito Mussolini, attacked her on state television when she was asked by Luxuria whether she wanted to lock up homosexuals.
"Better a fascist than a faggot," Mussolini snapped.
Italy's Transgender Lawmaker Fights Toilet "Apartheid"
May 5, 2006 12:00 a.m. EST
Yvonne Lee - All Headline News Staff Reporter
Rome, Italy (AHN) - Italy's only transgender member of parliament is fighting what he calls toilet "apartheid."
Reuters reports Vladimir Luxuria does not approve of a suggestion by a center-right lawmaker to create a third bathroom for transgender politicians.
Luxuria is the only such lawmaker in all of Europe.
He says in an interview with the Corriere della Sera daily, "I didn't expect politics to sink this low."
The 40-year-old says he was born Wladimiro Guadagno. However, he prefers women's bathrooms and would like to be referred to as a "she."
Luxuria says, "There are many difficult moments in the life of a transgender and even some embarrassing ones, like the use of public bathrooms. Maybe we go to the ladies' toilet because the men get embarrassed."
Corriere Della Sera
05 maggio 2006
Un socialista chiede il wc per transgender e scoppiano le polemiche
Luxuria: «No alle trans-toilette alla Camera»
Il neodeputato del Prc si indigna: «No all'apartheid della segregazione urinaria, polemica strumentale e offensiva»
Onorevole Luxuria la sua decisione di utilizzare i bagni delle donne in Transatlantico ha sollevato proteste e polemiche. Se lo aspettava? «Non mi aspettavo che la politica scendesse così in basso con questa polemica che reputo strumentale e offensiva. Ci sono momenti molto difficili nella vita di una trangender e anche un po' imbarazzanti, come l'uso dei bagni pubblici. Di solito andiamo nei bagni delle donne perché gli uomini si imbarazzano. Penso che volare così in basso nella politica sia un modo per perdere tempo e per non interessarsi dei problemi della gente».
E' indignata la prima deputata transgender (eletta nelle file di Rifondazione): single, 41 anni il prossimo 24 giugno, una laurea con lode in Lingue in tasca e un trascorso di attivista gay e di attrice, Luxuria le battute le aveva messe in conto ma di certo non si aspettatava che il primo argomento di discussione alla Camera fosse dove fare pipì. Tant'è che un altro «debuttante» di Montecitorio, il «ripescato» Lucio Barani (Partito Socialista-Nuovo Psi), è arrivato chiedere di istituire una toilette ad hoc: «Ho inoltrato al presidente Bertinotti un'interrogazione urgente (leggi il testo), uno strumento previsto dal regolamento ma non conosciuto e quindi mai utilizzato. Bertinotti ha voluto Luxuria in Parlamento, ora deve provvedere, ci sono degli obblighi igienico-sanitari da adempiere» s'inalbera il neodeputato.
Luxuria era all'oscuro della singolare iniziativa. E raggiunta al telefono prima dell'ennesimo decollo (fino al 14 maggio fa la spola tra Roma e Torino dove è in scena con "lezioni di sesso" aperte al pubblico nel suo spettacolo «Si sdrai, per favore») ha reagito con la consueta ironia: «L'apartheid della segregazione urinaria non è un argomento che mi appassiona particolarmente. E' un privilegio che non penso di meritare. Non voglio ottenere il privilegio di avere un bagno tutto per me. Penso invece che alcuni servizi per le donne debbano essere rivolti anche alle trans. Come è successo in Gran Bretagna dove ci è stata riconosciuta come età pensionabile quella delle donne: 60 anni invece di 65».
Barani ha motivato la sua richiesta sostenendo che «non è giusto provocare imbarazzo tra uomini donne e transgender relativamente all’uso della toilette».
«A lui ricordo che quando si va in un bagno si chiude la porta»
L’episodio più sgradevole e quello che l’ha sorpresa in positivo dal suo debutto in Aula?
«Mi ha fatto piacere ricevere i complimenti anche degli avversari politici per come ho condotto la campagna elettorale. L'episodio più sgradevole forse è stata la richiesta avanzata da Roberto Menia, di Alleanza Nazionale, di bandire il mio nome d'arte Luxuria definendolo "nomignolo di travestimento" quando è apparso sul tabellone elettronico alla chiama per l'elezione del presidente della Camera. Ma è stato zittito subito dal presidente della seduta Fabio Mussi: "Lo pseudonimo è consentito alla Camera". Che ha ricordato anche i precedenti: come Alberto Moravia che si chiamava Pincherle, il caso di Bobo Craxi, Ombretta Colli, il cui vero cognome è Comelli e Marco Pannella, che in realtà si chiama Giacinto».
The New York Times
Election of Episcopal Bishop Avoids Inflaming a Crisis
By NEELA BANERJEE
Published: May 7, 2006
SAN FRANCISCO, May 6 — The Episcopal Diocese of California on Saturday elected the Rev. Mark H. Andrus, bishop suffragan of the Diocese of Alabama, as its first new bishop in 27 years, a decision that averted inflaming a crisis over homosexuality in the denomination.
The broader Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion to which it belongs have been shaken by a dispute over the inclusion of gay men and lesbians that grew increasingly acrimonious after the Episcopal Church consecrated the Rev. V. Gene Robinson, an openly gay man, as bishop of New Hampshire in 2003.
In the Diocese of California, which includes San Francisco, Oakland and five nearby counties, three of the seven candidates on Saturday's ballot for bishop were openly gay or lesbian ministers in long-term relationships.
Bishop Andrus, 49, was not one of the gay candidates. If a gay candidate had been elected, the trickle of congregations that have left the Episcopal Church U.S.A. since the consecration of Bishop Robinson might have accelerated, and the strained relations between the Episcopal Church and the broader communion could have been pushed to a schism, church experts have said.
Nonetheless, in an acceptance statement via a phone call piped into Grace Cathedral, where the voting was taking place, Bishop Andrus said he would continue to support the full inclusion of gay men and lesbians in the church.
"We must all understand, and here I address the Diocese of California and those listening from elsewhere, that your vote today remains a vote for inclusion and communion — of gay and lesbian people in their full lives as single or partnered people, of women, of all ethnic minorities, and all people," Bishop Andrus said, referring to continuing in the Anglican Communion, which has about 77 million members worldwide. "My commitment to Jesus Christ's own mission of inclusion is resolute."
Despite the tension surrounding the vote, local clergy members and lay delegates who voted on Saturday and outside experts familiar with the diocese said that the candidates' sexual orientation did not play a role in the election. In meetings two weeks ago between the seven candidates and members of the diocese, people emphasized that they wanted a bishop with a commitment to social justice, evangelism and young people, said those who went to the meetings.
To win, a candidate needed to receive a simple majority of the votes of the two representative bodies, the lay delegates from the parishes and the clergy members, on the same ballot. During the first two ballots, Bishop Andrus led among clergy members, and the Rev. Canon Eugene T. Sutton of the Washington National Cathedral led among lay people. The other candidates, gay and straight, were far behind. Bishop Andrus won in the third round of voting around midday.
Some parishioners, who supported Mr. Sutton, the lone black candidate, said Bishop Andrus won because he was the safe bet: a straight, white male, not unlike Bishop William E. Swing, who will retire in July.
But others who voted said that Bishop Andrus's open support of gay men and lesbians while serving as the bishop suffragan, or assistant bishop, in Alabama, a clearly unpopular position in that diocese, won them over. For example, Bishop Andrus has said that he backs the consecration of Bishop Robinson of New Hampshire.
"One of the things that attracted me was that he showed that people in the Diocese of Alabama could have different views on Gene Robinson," said the Rev. Robert Honeychurch, rector of St. James Episcopal Church in Fremont, Calif. "He acted actively and intentionally in a reconciling way in what must have been a very difficult situation."
The Episcopal Church's triennial general convention will meet in Columbus, Ohio, in mid-June, and Bishop Andrus is expected to be consecrated there. But while the vote in California did not worsen tensions in the church, anger over the acceptance of gay men and lesbians continues to simmer — as does the possibility that an openly gay or lesbian bishop might be elected elsewhere.
In the Diocese of Tennessee, for instance, voting for a new bishop ended in a stalemate on Saturday after more than 30 ballots. Lay delegates backed a conservative minister who they hoped would take the diocese out of the Episcopal Church, and clergy members backed a more moderate choice, said the Rev. William Sachs, director of research for the Episcopal Foundation, the church's analysis arm.
In September, the Diocese of Newark will elect a new bishop. Candidates have not been announced, but given the traditions of the diocese, church experts said, one of the candidates could be openly gay or lesbian.
Episcopalians avoid rift in picking bishop
Many had expected gay leader
- Matthai Chakko Kuruvila, San FranciscoChronicle Religion Writer
Sunday, May 7, 2006
The Episcopal Diocese of California on Saturday elected Rt. Rev. Mark Andrus to be its next bishop, tabling the question of whether the consecration of a gay priest would cleave the 220-year-old Episcopal Church and the Anglican Communion of which it is a part.
The hundreds of those gathered in Grace Cathedral in San Francisco roared its approval upon hearing the results of the third vote, which required a majority from both clergy and lay members of the diocese -- which includes 80 congregations in Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, San Francisco, San Mateo and part of Santa Clara counties.
The 157-year-old diocese has never had anyone but a straight, white male as its bishop, a pattern that Andrus will continue in the increasingly multicultural and multilingual Bay Area. But many voters said he would be a force for all peoples.
It was a theme Andrus echoed in his remarks, broadcast into the cathedral via telephone from his home in Alabama, immediately after his election.
"Your vote today remains a vote for inclusion and communion," Andrus said, eliciting another roar of approval.
Andrus, 49, who is a suffragan bishop in Alabama, had previously identified his demographic similarity to outgoing bishop William Swing as the biggest hurdle for the diocese should he be elected. They're both white, married men from the South, and Andrus feared that he'd be typecast as a mirror image of Swing -- whose 27-year tenure in the diocese Andrus greatly admires.
Andrus, in an interview, said his job would be to nurture an evolving vision for the diocese and its 27,000 members. Andrus said he would like the church leadership to come more from the ground up, using the church's ministries and the deacons who lead them as a primary force for change.
He also wants the church to be more global in its sensibilities, tapping into youth who have more of a global consciousness than previous generations. Andrus said he is also proud of his work on racial reconciliation, particularly his work reaching out to Spanish-speaking and African-American communities.
"I don't want to send some message that this is some step backward for the diocese," Andrus said of his election. His diocese in Alabama has more Latinos than the Diocese of California, despite living in a state with fewer Latinos. And he made it a priority to work with African-Americans, making it clear that he was at their service.
"Often we operate out of white privilege," he said. "We define how we're going to be useful, how long we're going to be useful, how long we're going to give and when we cease to give. In short, we're in control."
Andrus's election will have to be confirmed in June by the General Convention of the Episcopal Church. That body rarely overturns a local diocese's selection.
The election of a bishop is typically a local matter, attracting little interest outside of a diocese. But the presence of three gay clergy among the seven candidates drew international attention because of the possibility that a second gay bishop could be consecrated in the United States.
The 2003 consecration of openly gay Gene Robinson as bishop of New Hampshire drew reproach from conservative Episcopal churches as well as other members of the Anglican Communion, the international body of churches that share worship and prayer traditions rooted in the Church of England.
The possibility of another gay bishop had provoked fears and threats that the Anglican Communion would disown the Episcopal Church in the United States.
But for the hundreds of lay delegates and clergy gathered under the immense, vaulted ceilings at Grace Cathedral, international politics seemed to count for little. Many said they were trying to open themselves to the workings of the Holy Spirit to make their decision. Throughout the day, prayers, music and the sharing of communion were intended to remind those gathered of the piety behind the politics.
"It's a very powerful experience because one's vote will tend to shape the next 25 years of the diocese," said Jerry Dickinson, 58, who was chosen by his San Francisco church, SaintGregory of Nyssa, to be a lay delegate on Saturday. "My discernment is about the quality of the candidate, not whether they're male, female, gay or straight."
The other candidates were the Rev. Jane Gould of Massachusetts, the Rev. Bonnie Perry of Chicago, the Rev. Canon Eugene Sutton of the Washington National Cathedral, the Very Rev. Robert Taylor of Seattle and two members of the local diocese, the Rev. Canon Michael Barlowe and the Rev. Donald Schell. Taylor, Perry and Barlowe are gay and are each in long-term, partnered relationships.
Beyond the mystical elements of faith, other voters said they partly made their selection based on the requirments of personal, day-to-day and, perhaps, mundane matters of leading the diocese.
John Anderson, 58, who attends St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Burlingame, said the bishop would need to understand how to handle something as small as mediating a squabble in a church, or as large as developing a larger vision.
"How does the church become culturally relevant in the Bay Area -- both to those who go to church and to those who don't?" Anderson said.
The answer for Anderson, and for many lay people on Saturday was Sutton, a pastor at the Washington National Cathedral in D.C. His engaging, dynamic and extremely charismatic style had won over many.
In the first two votes, Sutton had the most support from lay people. But clergy voted for Andrus. On the third vote, many of those who voted for other candidates in the first two ballots switched to Andrus.
That was enough for his victory, but it left many African-Americans in the cathedral disappointed. Sutton, who is black , was the people's choice, said several African-Americans afterward.
"We missed an opportunity to progress beyond where we've been," said the Rev. Katherine Ward, the former rector of St. Augustine's Episcopal Church in Oakland. But she said the vote didn't surprise her given that the largest group of clergy are white men.
Ward said she saw all candidates as equally qualified, but voted for Sutton because he is African-American.
Others had an even stronger view.
"The diocese is just not ready to move beyond the white Anglo male," Said Jeri Robinson, 63, who attends St. Augustine's.
Several clergy said that they saw Andrus as having the strongest qualifications, given his rank as a bishop. And some said that Sutton hadn't had enough experience leading a parish of his own.
In short, Andrus was viewed as someone who could work with the disparate corners of the church, said the Very Rev. Joseph Britton, dean of the Berkeley Divinity School at Yale University.
"He was the most likely to be able to relate to all of the complexities of the diocese of California and to have the theological depth to hold it all together," Britton said.
Page B - 1
Posted on Thu, May. 04, 2006
Senate committee passes bill to include gays in textbooks
Issue heads to full vote; critics say material will indoctrinate students in what they view as unacceptable lifestyle
By Juliet Williams
SACRAMENTO - A Senate committee approved a bill Wednesday that would require California's textbooks to include the contributions of gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender people to the state's and nation's history.
The bill outraged members of some religious and conservative family groups, who said the bill would indoctrinate students in what they view as an unacceptable lifestyle.
The Senate Education Committee passed the bill by state Sen. Sheila Kuehl, D-Santa Monica, 8-3, along party lines. It now goes to the full Senate.
"Our community is invisible in all of the teaching material, so that our students are never, ever given any information about the fact that somebody who did something good was a gay person. That changes the way you feel about someone," said Kuehl, who was the state's first openly gay legislator.
She and members of Equality California, a gay rights group that sponsored the bill, said gay and lesbian students are less likely to feel isolated and even drop out of school if they see themselves represented in the material they learn at school.
Marina Gatto, a 17-year-old senior at Mercy High School in Burlingame, testified that she has faced discrimination at school because she has two lesbian mothers. She said that once a teacher explained that AIDS was spread by gay people as punishment for their lifestyle.
"This bill doesn't say that you have to be in favor of the gay rights movement, it doesn't say that you have to be a part of it. All it says is that you have be educated," Marina said after she testified. "I think there's nothing wrong with education."
Opponents, who filled several rows in the meeting room, derided the bill as encouraging homosexuality. Their testimony even sparked heated exchanges with some Democratic committee members.
Karen England, executive director of the Capitol Resource Institute, a Sacramento-based conservative "pro-family" group, said Californians already are aware of the gay rights movement and don't need it "mandated in our curriculum."
"This conversation belongs in the bedroom and not in the classroom," she said.
She noted that many schools recently held a student-organized Day of Silence to protest discrimination against gay students.
Sen. Jackie Speier, however, equated learning about the accomplishments of gays to the women's suffrage movement and demonstrations in favor of equal rights for blacks.
Sen. Bill Morrow, R-Oceanside, the only committee member who spoke against the bill at Monday's hearing, said Kuehl herself is likely to be noted as a pioneer in future history textbooks.
But he said her bill goes too far, requiring that sexuality be included even when it's not relevant to a person's accomplishments.
"For instance, where John Marshall of course discovered gold in California that ultimately led to the 1849 gold rush and California as a state. Now, I don't have any idea whether John Marshall was gay or transgender or whatever, but even if he was, certainly whether or not he was, doesn't add to or subtract from the contribution he made to California history," Morrow said.
Responded Kuehl: "I heard the same argument in the '50s and '60s and '70s. Who cares if Langston Hughes was black? He was just a great poet. Well, black students had no black role models."
State law already prohibits the board from adopting textbooks containing material that portrays people negatively because of their race, sex, color, creed, handicap, national origin, or ancestry.
It also requires the inclusion of contributions from "Native Americans, African Americans, Mexican Americans, Asian Americans, European Americans and members of other ethnic and cultural groups to the total development of California and the United States."
California spends more than $400 million a year on textbooks and is the nation's largest purchaser. Its social science texts will next be revised in 2012.
If Kuehl's bill becomes law, it would be referred to the California Department of Education, where a committee would advise textbook publishers about the new state standards, said Sue Stickel, the department's deputy superintendent of curriculum and instruction.
Randy Thomasson, president of the Campaign for Children and Families, criticized state lawmakers for wasting their time on what he said are irrelevant issues.
"While half the Hispanic and black students drop out of school, this Legislature is sexually indoctrinating our students," he said.
He said his group would ask Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger to pledge to veto any similar measure that comes before him.
Katherine McLane, a spokeswoman for the governor, said Schwarzenegger does not take positions on bills before they come before him to be signed.
Committee OKs bill to add gays, lesbians to textbooks
Hotly debated measure heads to state Senate
- Greg Lucas, San Francisco Chronicle Sacramento Bureau
Thursday, May 4, 2006
Sacramento -- After a sometimes emotional debate centering on discrimination and sexual orientation, a Senate committee approved a bill Wednesday that would require that the contributions of gays and lesbians be included in textbooks.
Supporters argued that all students should be made aware of the role that gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people have made, but state curriculum has no such requirement.
Opponents countered that discussion of sexual orientation should occur at home and not be mandated in schools.
Not requiring that gays be included in instructional materials creates the "enforced invisibility that so many minority groups have gone through in terms of their contributions to California history," Sen. Sheila Kuehl, D-Santa Monica, told the Senate Education Committee in support of her bill.
The committee approved the bill, SB1437, on a party line 8-3 vote. It now moves to the Senate floor.
Kuehl's measure has attracted national attention because California represents about 12 percent of the nation's textbook market.
State law already prohibits discrimination based on race, color and gender, among other things, in textbooks. The bill would bar textbooks from discriminating against gays.
It also orders school boards to use instructional material that reflects the "sexual diversity" of society and include the contributions of people who are gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender.
Opponents say the bill will turn schools into "sexual indoctrination centers" and complain it takes away the discretion of local school boards in deciding what's best in the classroom.
"This bill only seeks to advance acceptance of certain sexual lifestyles in California," said Benjamin Lopez of the Traditional Values Coalition.
Karen England, executive director of the Capital Resource Institute, said discussion about sexual orientation belongs "in the bedroom, not in the classroom" and that sexual orientation is not germane to a person's historical significance.
"I care about their accomplishments. I don't care who they slept with," England told the committee.
A line of witnesses testified they opposed the bill, including one man who said he opposed the measure on behalf of all "true Christians."
Sen. Jack Scott, D-Altadena (Los Angeles County), the committee chairman, snapped: "Do you have the ability to know what a true Christian is?"
Sen. Nell Soto, D-Pomona (Los Angeles County), dedicated her "yes" vote to her to a gay classmate from her youth who ultimately killed himself and to her mother who told her to befriend the boy because he had been ostracized.
Sen. Tom Torlakson, D-Antioch, told the committee his deceased younger brother was gay.
"It wasn't the textbooks. It wasn't his upbringing. It wasn't his choice," Torlakson said. "My belief is it's biological destiny."
Adopting Kuehl's proposed change to state curriculum means "we're reflecting our history. We're reflecting reality," Torlakson said.
If approved by the Senate, the bill moves to the Assembly, where it faces at least one committee vote and a vote of the full Assembly.
Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has taken no position on the bill.
E-mail Greg Lucas at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Page B - 2
All About 同性愛
Gay Marriage Foes Face Issue in Schools
By JAY LINDSAY, Associated Press Writer
Fri May 5, 3:44 PM ET
Last Updated: Saturday, 6 May 2006, 21:30 GMT 22:30 UK
Bishop vote avoids gay clergy row
The Anglican Church has avoided a potentially damaging row over gay clergy after California's Episcopal Church chose a married man as bishop.
Mark Andrus, a Suffragan Bishop in Alabama, was elected after three rounds of voting by lay and clergy delegates.
Three gay candidates, whose nomination sparked fears of a Church split, failed to make the impact that was predicted.
The election of openly gay priest Gene Robinson as Bishop of New Hampshire three years ago caused great division.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Rowan Williams, had expressed unease over the nominations for the next bishop of the California diocese.
Seven-hundred priests and lay people gathered at Grace Cathedral in San Francisco for the election.
After two rounds of voting were announced, the Right Rev Mark Handley Andrus of Alabama, and the Rev Canon Eugene Taylor Sutton, canon pastor of Washington National Cathedral, were leading.
Rev Andrus was declared winner after the third round, the diocese said on its website.
Splintering the church
The Reverend Bonnie Perry, from Chicago, who had hoped to become the first lesbian bishop in the church, withdrew her nomination shortly before noon, the AP said.
The other gay candidates were Canon Michael Barlowe, who works in the Diocese of California, and the Very Rev Robert Taylor of Seattle.
The Rev Jane Gould of Massachusetts and the Rev Donald Schell of San Francisco were the remaining candidates.
The issue of gay clergy is splintering the Anglican Church.
A number of Anglican provinces have already broken with the American church, which they believe is pursuing a liberal, unbiblical agenda.
The Californian election has to be ratified at the US Church's general convention next month.
Some bishops had already suggested they would block the consecration of a second homosexual bishop in order to preserve the fragile unity of the Church, the BBC's Jane Little in Washington says.
California Episcopalians elect new bishop, reject gay candidates
By KIM CURTIS, Associated Press Writer
Saturday, May 6, 2006
(05-06) 15:41 PDT San Francisco (AP) --
The Episcopal Diocese of California averted another churchwide showdown over the role of gays in their denomination when delegates rejected three openly gay candidates for bishop Saturday.
The diocese chose the Rt. Rev. Mark Handley Andrus of Birmingham, Ala., on the third ballot to replace the retiring Rev. William Swing. None of the gay candidates received more than a handful of votes.
The packed Grace Cathedral erupted with cheering and applause when the announcement was made.
The vote was closely watched by Episcopalians across the nation and their fellow Anglicans worldwide, who have been struggling to remain unified despite deep differences over gay clergy.
The 77 million-member Anglican Communion, represented in the United States by the Episcopal Church, is still reeling from the 2003 election of the first openly gay Episcopal bishop — V. Gene Robinson of New Hampshire.
Episcopalians differ over whether the Bible permits ordaining gays but agreed that choosing a second leader in a same-sex relationship would severely damage relations within the global Communion.
In 2004, Anglican leaders trying to keep the Communion from splitting asked the U.S. church for a temporary moratorium on electing gay bishops. Those supporting a greater role for gays and lesbians believe it is unfair to ask them to wait, and they question whether any reconciliation can occur when opposing sides have such conflicting views of Scripture.
One delegate, the Rev. Mark Spaulding of Holy Cross Church in Castro Valley, said he didn't know anyone for whom sexual orientation was a factor in voting.
"It was really clear after meeting these seven individuals that the gay factor really wasn't an issue," Spaulding said. "This diocese would've been fine with any one of the seven."
The decision also was applauded by an Episcopal gay rights group, Integrity, which called Andrus a longtime ally.
Andrus emerged as the favorite among clergy delegates in the first ballot and quickly drew the support of lay voters in subsequent ballots. After four hours, he ended up with 72 percent of the clergy vote and about 55 percent of the lay vote.
The openly gay candidates were the Rev. Canon Michael Barlowe of San Francisco, the Very Rev. Robert Taylor of Seattle and the Rev. Bonnie Perry of Chicago. Perry withdrew her candidacy before the final vote. All three have same-sex partners.
Andrus, who has served as bishop suffragan in the Diocese of Alabama since 2001, received his master's of divinity in 1987 from the Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Va. He is married and has two college-age daughters.
In a statement to California Episcopalians prior to his election, he said he found them "people of passion and energy, commitment, faith and humor. You are able to appreciate yourselves, and be self-critical, both rare qualities."
Nearly 600 delegates gathered for the election.
The Anglican Communion is made up of religious bodies that trace their roots to the Church of England. The Communion is led by the archbishop of Canterbury.
Before he is installed as bishop, Andrus must get approval from the denomination's top legislative body, the General Convention, which is set to meet June 13-21 in Columbus, Ohio. Delegates have a long history of deferring to dioceses' choice of leader.
US: Episcopalians Divide Again Over Electing Gay Bishop
U.S. Court Passes on Marriage Lawsuit
Federal judges say the two Orange County men should wait for state courts to sort out issues.
By Sara Lin, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer
May 6, 2006
A federal appeals court on Friday ruled it was premature for a gay Orange County couple to file a lawsuit challenging laws that deny gays and lesbians the right to be married and that the issue should be hashed out in state courts first.
After the Orange County clerk-recorder twice denied Arthur Smelt and Christopher Hammer of Mission Viejo a marriage license, the couple sued in 2004, claiming that state and federal laws recognizing unions only between a man and a woman are unconstitutional.
A three-judge panel of the U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals recognized that the case touched on a topic "fraught with sensitive social policy considerations," but ruled that the couple should wait for the state courts to sort out the issues. A state appeals court is awaiting arguments on a lawsuit challenging the state law that outlaws same-sex marriage.
The outcome of the state litigation could preclude federal courts from weighing in, wrote Appellate Judge Ferdinand F. Fernandez.
Legal experts said it was clear the panel wanted to avoid ruling on the issue.
The judges also found the men, both 46, did not have legal standing to challenge the federal Defense of Marriage Act because they were never married. The act allows states to refuse to recognize same-sex marriages from another state.
Hammer said the judges' reasoning "sounded an awful lot like the doublespeak in George Orwell's '1984.' If we were married, why would we be in court complaining about not being able to get married?"
The case has caused a rift in the same-sex marriage movement, with the major civil rights groups concerned that the suit could lead the U.S. Supreme Court to rule that state laws banning same-sex marriages are constitutional.
Jennifer Pizer, senior counsel for the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, an organization promoting gay and lesbian rights, was relieved by Friday's ruling. "It recognizes that some of these important questions remain for a future day in an appropriate case," she said.
Richard C. Gilbert, a Santa Ana lawyer representing Smelt and Hammer, said they probably would appeal to the Supreme Court. "We've said from the beginning that the only thing that's ever going to matter is what the U.S. Supreme Court has to say," he said.
Court passes up chance for gay marriage ruling
By Dan Whitcomb
Fri May 5, 6:27 PM ET
A U.S. appeals court on Friday skirted the incendiary issue of whether same-sex marriage could be barred under the Constitution, ruling a gay couple had no legal right to challenge such laws.
The U.S. 9th Circuit Court of Appeals said the two California men, who sued in 2004 after they were denied a marriage license in Orange County, should wait for California courts to rule on a state law that bans gay marriage.
California voters in 2000 endorsed a ballot measure defining marriage as exclusively between a man and a woman.
A three-judge panel of the 9th Circuit, in upholding a lower-court ruling, ruled that Arthur Smelt and Christopher Hammer lacked standing to sue over the laws in part because they have not sought federal benefits of marriage.
National gay rights activists had urged the couple to drop the lawsuit because they prefer to fight for same-sex marriage on a state level.
The San Francisco-based 9th Circuit is considered one of the most liberal and activist appeals courts in the country.
Only Massachusetts, which legalized same-sex marriage in 2003, allows same-sex couples to wed. But gay activists were seeking similar rights in California and New York, among other states.
Gay marriage was a central issue in the 2004 presidential race, and it is expected to resurface in 2008.
"It is difficult to imagine an area more fraught with sensitive social policy considerations in which federal courts should not involve themselves if there is an alternative," 9th Circuit justice Ferdinand Fernandez wrote for the court in the 24-page opinion.
Smelt and Hammer had challenged the constitutionality of the federal Defense of Marriage Act, which was signed by President Bill Clinton in 1996 and limits federal marriage benefits to traditional married couples -- a man and a woman.
They argued that the law, which also says that states are not required to recognize same-sex marriages from elsewhere, violated their constitutional rights, including equal protection, due process and privacy.
An attorney for Smelt and Hammer, who could appeal the 9th Circuit's ruling to the U.S. Supreme Court, could not be reached for comment.
Impotence and despair: Vintage manga about a world of beaten men
Tom Baker / Daily Yomiuri
The Push Man
By Yoshihiro Tatsumi
Translated by Yuji Oniki
Edited by Adrain Tomine
Drawn and Quarterly, 202 pp, 19.95 dollars
Life is not always about what you read in the newspapers. In 1969, for instance, the papers would have reported on Prime Minister Eisaku Sato and U.S. President Richard Nixon agreeing on Okinawa's return to Japan. There would have been stories about violent student protests, and mentions of Yasunari Kawabata having won the Nobel Prize in Literature the previous December. With memories of the 1964 Tokyo Olympics still relatively fresh, preparations were under way for Osaka Expo '70.
But also in 1969, a manga artist named Yoshihiro Tatsumi was busily writing stories about contemporary Japanese men to whom the above events meant nothing. Tatsumi's mostly working-class characters experience the Japan of their day at street level--or below it, in one story about a sewer cleaning man trudging through the twilit underground muck with a rake.
The main concerns of these men in society's lower reaches are paying the bills, getting laid and staving off despair. In each of the 16 stories translated into English in the collection The Push Man--released late last year by Canadian comics publisher Drawn and Quarterly--one or more of those three efforts goes horribly wrong.
Tatsumi's quietly desperate men live alone or with women who appear to be their common-law wives. We rarely if ever see any other family members, and the men rarely if ever have names. Anonymous urban plankton, they even look alike. The secondary characters have a variety of faces, but the protagonists fall into just two physical types.
Most of them are blue-collar workers with stout, bovine physiques, close-cropped hair and no necks to speak of. They have wide faces and round, buttonlike eyes that make them look vaguely like teddy bears. There are also a few low-level white-collar characters mixed in, with narrower faces, pointed chins and fuller, messier heads of hair. These skinny guys often look like boys dressed up in their absent fathers' clothes.
Some of these men do very bad things, but as their immature appearances suggest, they tend not to do them very well. On the whole, they are more sinned against than sinning. The primary emotion they arouse is pity, with horror at the cruelty they perpetrate or suffer coming second.
In one story, a factory worker deliberately thrusts his arm into a stamping machine in the hope of pleasing his woman with the insurance payout. She takes the money, but soon discards her maimed lover in favor of a man who still has all his limbs.
In another story, a garbageman not only discovers that his woman has had an abortion--long after a car-crash injury left him unable to do what it takes to father children--but he is forced by the circumstances of his job to personally, and tearfully, shovel the dead fetus into an incinerator.
In a less gruesome piece, a man living with a prostitute has to scramble into undignified hiding whenever one of her clients comes to visit. The serial cuckold finally wins a small measure of self-respect when he decides to leave her, releasing her pet bird on his way out. But the bird returns to its familiar cage, prompting the woman to confidently predict that her man will soon return to his.
Each of these bleak tales works very well on its own, but female treachery is such a constant element as to make the book as a whole feel misogynistic. Women are depicted as seductive sirens or horrid harridans, and men as their helpless victims--baffled, enslaved and undone by the magnetic power of female sexuality.
Two of the 16 stories appear to break from this pattern, only to reinforce it in the end. In one of them, the most bizarre in the book, a horrifically deformed woman is used as a sex slave by a series of men, making it a rare case in which males achieve the upper hand--albeit by deplorable means. Yet even here male power is illusory, with strong hints that the tortured woman brings inevitable doom to each of her successive masters.
Another story, the only one with anything remotely like a happy ending, involves a milquetoast office clerk living with a bar hostess. He secretly enjoys putting on her kimono and makeup, and when he ventures out in drag one night he soon finds himself propositioned--by a woman. His seducer turns out to be bisexual, and the two enjoy a satisfying fling. In this scene, a man knows contentment for once, but he has achieved it only by sloughing off maleness and experiencing female sexual power from the inside.
The final frame of the story reminds us that he and his newfound lover are each cheating on someone else. Eventually, someone is going to pay a price.
The Push Man, with its focus on 1969, is presented as the first volume in a quixotic effort by American comic book artist and Tatsumi admirer Adrian Tomine to produce a series of books, each showcasing English translations of the artist's work from a particular year. Considering that Tatsumi began his career in the 1950s and is still active today, a complete series would likely need its own bookcase.
Whether or not that comes to pass, The Push Man has literary heft of its own. The often brutal subject matter may turn some readers away, but Tatsumi's stories have an artistic expressiveness, philosophical coherence and dark, emotional weight that is undeniable.
(May. 7, 2006)
教科書の偏向記述 パネル化して訴え (産経・群馬版 2006/05/05)