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Broad opposition to World Pride in Jerusalem
Religious, gay leaders criticize international event; crisis in Lebanon ends parade plans
- Wyatt Buchanan, San Francisco Chronicle Staff Writer
Wednesday, July 26, 2006
An international gay pride event scheduled to take place in Jerusalem in less than two weeks is facing unprecedented opposition not only from religious leaders in the city, but from elements of the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender communities worldwide.
Already, the violence between Israel and Hezbollah in Lebanon has led to the cancellation of a planned parade, the centerpiece of the five-day World Pride Week. With many of the security personnel needed to guarantee the safety of marchers diverted to northern Israel, city police denied the parade a permit.
The first attempt to hold World Pride in Jerusalem in 2005 was postponed until this year because of tensions surrounding Israel's withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.
But organizers remain determined to hold the weeklong event in the Holy City, a place of "intense bigotry and opposition," said Hagai El-Ad, executive director of Jerusalem Open House, the gay and lesbian community center in the city that is hosting World Pride.
"People who come to Jerusalem and participate in World Pride are here for a great variety of reasons. The major one that brings us all together is making a powerful statement in the world's city of Jerusalem, claiming this powerful symbol for what we believe in," El-Ad said during a press conference Tuesday.
This will be the second World Pride event. The first took place in Rome in July 2000, during the Roman Catholic Church's Jubilee celebration and was condemned by the pope.
The organizers would not estimate how many people they expect to attend this year's week, which starts Aug. 6. It includes an interfaith conference on religious participation, a youth day with a meeting at the Knesset and a rally at the wall that separates Israel from the West Bank. About 60 Bay Area residents plan to attend, according to a San Francisco organizer.
Organizers are devoting a day of the pride week to "... express(ing) our solidarity with our community's members who will not be able to be part of World Pride," and many mainstream gay and lesbian organizations in the United States support the event.
But the barrier Israel is constructing to create a de facto boundary with the West Bank and the limits Israel places on who can enter the country have alienated some gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender groups that might have taken part in the event.
Gay and lesbian rights groups in Middle East countries outside Israel have declared they will not participate.
"At the same time that we celebrate our pride, the Palestinians are going to suffer and be under curfew," says a statement from a Palestinian lesbian group called Aswat (Voices).
The Lebanese gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender group Helem is calling for a boycott:
"Human rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent, and the rights of gays, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender (people) should not be placed in competition with the long struggle of the Palestinian people, including Palestinian LGBT people."
Given the barrier and tight border security, some of the groups opposed to the event have called its theme -- "Love Without Borders" -- unfortunate.
On one Web site calling for a boycott of the event, 22 organizations offer their support, including Queers Undermining Israeli Terrorism, a Berkeley group, Queers for Peace and Justice and left wing and pro-Palestinian groups.
Executive director Paula Ettelbrick of the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission in New York City said, "With all respect to the organization, they put the World Pride event in a city that so many people in the region can't travel to. A lot of people are staying away from the whole thing; it's problematic for a lot of people."
The World Pride name is lent to the event by InterPride, an organization of local pride committees from around the world. Groups that want to host the event apply to the organization for permission, and activists from Jerusalem made the only application after the Rome event, said Russell Murphy, co-president of InterPride.
In addition to the gay and lesbian opposition, religious leaders have called for a counterprotest to the event that could draw as many as a half-million people.
"Even if it's 100,000 to 200,000, that is still the largest anti-gay demonstration in the world ever," said San Francisco resident Julie Dorf, co-leader of U.S. organizers of World Pride.
One orthodox rabbi in New York has blamed the event for the current violence with Hezbollah. Jewish, Muslim and Christian leaders in Jerusalem have united to oppose it.
The U.S. State Department is warning citizens to "weigh carefully the risk of traveling to Israel or Jerusalem" and to "remain vigilant while traveling anywhere in Jerusalem." It strongly urges Americans to not travel to the Gaza Strip or the West Bank.
E-mail Wyatt Buchanan at email@example.com.
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Wash. court upholds gay marriage ban
By CURT WOODWARD, Associated Press Writer
Wednesday, July 26, 2006
OLYMPIA, Wash. - The Washington Supreme Court upheld the state's ban on gay marriage Wednesday, dealing the gay rights movement its second major defeat in less than a month in another liberal-leaning state that had been regarded as a promising battleground.
Massachusetts is still the only state that allows same-sex couples to wed.
In a 5-4 decision, the court said lawmakers have the power to restrict marriage to a man and a woman, and it left intact the state's 1998 Defense of Marriage Act.
Earlier this month, New York's high court dealt gay couples a similar blow when it upheld a state law against gay marriage.
Wednesday's ruling surprised and delighted gay-marriage opponents, given Washington state's liberal politics, particularly in Seattle.
"This is more than we could have imagined. We are shocked, and pleasantly shocked. We were prepared for the other direction," said Jon Russell, field director for the conservative Faith and Freedom Network.
Disappointment was perhaps greatest in Seattle, home of the state's most visible gay community.
"There aren't words to describe how hurt people in the gay and lesbian community are. There's a lot of tears and a lot of anger right now. Emotion is raw," said state Rep. Ed Murray, a Seattle Democrat and one of four openly gay state lawmakers.
The state Supreme Court overruled two lower courts that had found the ban violated the Washington Constitution's "privileges and immunities" section.
The gay-marriage ban "is constitutional because the Legislature was entitled to believe that limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples furthers procreation, essential to survival," Justice Barbara Madsen wrote in the controlling opinion.
However, Madsen and other members of the majority invited the Legislature to take another look at the "clear hardship" that the ban causes for same-sex couples.
In a dissent, Justice Mary Fairhurst said the majority improperly bowed to public opinion. "Unfortunately, the (majority) are willing to turn a blind eye to DOMA's discrimination because a popular majority still favors that discrimination," she wrote.
The 19 gay and lesbian couples who sued to overturn the law were dismayed by the ruling.
"I believe that our constitution should treat all of its citizens the same, and in this case the court was willing to treat my family differently than other families," said Brenda Bauer of Seattle, who sued along with her partner, Celia Castle. "Today's a pretty sad day for our family."
Leaders in the Legislature and Gov. Chris Gregoire — all Democrats — did not commit themselves to any course of action.
"Just as the public is divided over the issue, so is the Legislature," said Senate Majority Leader Lisa Brown. Gregoire said: "The Supreme Court has ruled, and we must accept their decision whether we agree with it or not."
In Seattle, King County Executive Ron Sims, who backed the push to legalize marriage for same-sex couples, said his next step would be to press for civil unions. They give gay couples many of the rights that come with marriage and are allowed in Vermont and Connecticut.
"There's still hope in the long run," Sims said. "I still dream for a just society."
Forty-five states have laws banning marriage between same-sex couples or limiting marriage to between a man and a woman.
In other recent rulings on the issue, courts reinstated voter-approved bans on gay marriage in Nebraska and Georgia, and Tennessee's Supreme Court ruled that voters there should have a say on allowing marriage for same-sex couples.
Associated Press writers David Ammons in Olympia and Donna Gordon Blankinship in Seattle contributed to this report.
On the Net:
Supreme Court of Washington: http://www.courts.wa.gov
Wednesday, July 26, 2006 · Last updated 7:12 p.m. PT
Washington's gay marrige ban upheld
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
WEDDING BELL BLUES: Washington's high court upholds the state's 1998 Defense of Marriage Act, which defines marriage as the union of a man and a woman. Both sides had predicted the ban would be thrown out.
SHATTERED COURT: The vote was 5-4, but six separate opinions were handed down. Three justices, led by Barbara Madsen, wrote the main opinion dismissing the constitutional challenges to the ban, but inviting the Legislature to address the issue. Two other justices forged a bare majority by voting to affirm DOMA. The chief justice wrote a separate concurrence. Four justices, led by Mary Fairhurst, wrote a ringing defense of marriage equality. Three justices elaborated in individual dissents.
EARLY REACTION: Foes of gay marriage were jubilant, but gay activists said the fight will continue. Gov. Chris Gregoire said she favors giving gays the same civil and legal rights as heterosexuals, but said marriage is the province of people and their churches.
NEXT STEP? It could be a hot topic on the campaign trail, including three Supreme Court races, and in the 2007 legislative session. Gregoire and Senate Majority Leader Lisa Brown, D-Spokane, said they expect a range of ideas to be discussed, including civil unions, overturning the marriage ban, and a constitutional amendment to enshrine the ban in the constitution. Brown and House Speaker Frank Chopp, D-Seattle, indicated lawmakers are split and that there aren't enough votes to change the status quo right now.
A LITTLE LIGHT READING? Wait for Cliff's Notes. The six opinions total 207 pages. Undaunted? Click on http:http://www.courts.wa.gov
Washington state supreme court rejects gay marriage
Wednesday, July 26, 2006
In another setback for defenders of same-sex marriage, the US state of Washington ruled that a law defining marriage as strictly between a man and a woman does not violate the state constitution.
The Washington court narrowly rejected arguments by a group of same-sex couples who said they were unfairly denied full marriage rights by the state's Defense of Marriage Act of 1998.
The act, which defines marriage as being between a man and a woman, was upheld by the court by a vote of 5 to 4.
"The legislature was entitled to believe that limiting marriage to opposite sex couples furthers the state's legitimate interests in procreation and the well-being of children," wrote Justice Barbara Madsen in the decision.
Dissenting Justice Mary Fairhurst disagreed with this logic. "Denying same-sex couples the right to marry has no prospect for furthering any of those interests," she wrote.
The plaintiffs, 19 same-sex couples, sought full marriage rights, not civil unions as are offered in the states of Vermont and Connecticut. Many gays criticize civil unions as not carrying all the benefits and rights of marriage.
The Supreme Court of the State of New York earlier this month also ruled a state law constitutional which defined marriage as between a man and a woman.
Although the US Congress recently voted down a proposal for a constitutional amendment that would ban gay marriage, 45 of 50 states have laws that limit marriage as only between opposite-sex couples. Massachusetts is currently the only US state that currently allows gay marriage.
Washington's top court upholds same-sex marriage ban
- Matthai Chakko Kuruvila, San Francisco Chronicle Staff Writer
Wednesday, July 26, 2006
(07-26) 09:07 PDT OLYMPIA, WASH. -- A narrowly divided Washington state supreme court upheld the state's ban on gay marriages today, dashing activists' hopes for a ruling that could have changed the landscape of same-sex marriages around the nation.
The 5-4 ruling upheld the state's Defense of Marriage Act, which defines the institution as a relationship between one man and one woman.
The majority opinion said the state constitution and case law demanded such a decision, arguing that the definition of gay marriage should be left to the legislature or voters. In doing so, the court left open the possibility that gay marriages could someday be allowed in the state.
"While same-sex marriage may be the law at a future time, it will be because the people declare it to be, not because five members of this court have dictated it," Justice Barbara Madsen wrote in the opinion.
Washington state allows nonresidents to obtain marriage licenses. Many had believed that -- if the court ruled in favor of same-sex marriage --
gay couples from around the country would marry in Washington and then demand recognition of their union in their home states.
That, in turn, would have led to an almost automatic challenge to the 1996 federal law that allows states to ignore same-sex marriages from other states or countries.
Currently, Massachusetts is the only state that allows gay couples to marry, but the right is limited to state residents.
Read the full ruling here: www.courts.wa.gov/newsinfo/content/pdf/759341opn.pdf.
E-mail Matthai Chakko Kuruvila at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Washington state court upholds gay marriage ban
By Daisuke Wakabayashi
Wed Jul 26, 4:56 PM ET
Washington state's highest court upheld a ban on same-sex marriage on Wednesday, ruling by a 5-4 majority that the legislature had the power to limit marriage to one man and one woman.
Nineteen gay and lesbian couples had challenged the constitutionality of the Defense of Marriage Act, a law passed by the state legislature in 1998 to restrict marriage to heterosexual couples.
The state Supreme Court's lead opinion stressed it was ruling on the constitutionality of the law, not on the issue of gay marriage itself. It saw no reason why the rights of marriage should not be extended for gays and lesbians through a state ballot.
"It is important to note that the court's role is limited to determining the constitutionality of DOMA," Justice Barbara Madsen wrote. "Our decision is not based on an independent determination of what we believe the law should be."
The court's ruling was the latest blow to U.S. gay marriage advocates. Earlier this month, New York's highest court ruled that the state Constitution does not guarantee same-sex couples equal access to the rights and privileges of marriage.
The Georgia Supreme Court on July 6 reinstated a gay marriage ban that had been thrown out by a lower court. Voters in Alabama also approved a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage.
"Today is a triumph for marriage," said Kristen Waggoner, an attorney representing Allies for Marriage and Children. "This (decision) is an action that is right in line with what other courts have been finding all around the nation."
LEGAL IN MASSACHUSETTS
Gay rights advocates had hoped that Washington would have been the second U.S. state after Massachusetts to legalize same-sex marriage.
"A defeat like today is immensely disappointing," said Jennifer Pizer, senior legal counsel for gay rights group Lambda Legal. "We learn from history that social change takes time ... and public support has been growing quite quickly."
In one of the dissenting opinions, Justice Bobbe Bridge said the ruling condoned blatant discrimination against the state's gay and lesbian citizens and does not achieve a goal of encouraging marriages that result in children.
"We should not have to go through the same painful process of waiting for popular opinion to catch up with the constitution to declare denial of the right to marry unconstitutional," Bridge wrote in a lengthy dissent.
Nancy Sigafoos arrived at the Washington Supreme Court building in Olympia with her partner Tina Witcher-Sigafoos and their daughter, Harper, hoping to be among the first to know if homosexual couples can marry legally, but the pair left upset.
"I feel really angry. I've been in a relationship for 14 years. I have a child with my partner. I'm struggling not to use any expletives right now," Sigafoos said.
In 2003, Massachusetts' Supreme Judicial Court ruled in favor of gay marriage, leading to America's first same-sex marriages the following year. The U.S. Supreme Court has not taken a case on gay marriage, leaving states to decide the issue.
Marriage between same-sex couples is currently legal in Canada, Belgium, the Netherlands and Spain. It is expected to be legalized in South Africa before the end of the year.
(Additional reporting by Tom Banse in Olympia, Elaine Porterfield in Seattle)
撤去書名の公表求め提訴へ 著者の上野東大教授ら (共同 2006/07/27)
＜ジェンダー＞撤去された書籍の著者らが福井県提訴の方針 (毎日 2006/07/27)
みどりの一期一会 2006-07-27 07:14:03
Audrey Hepburn's iconic black dress to go on sale
Wed Jul 26, 2006 6:53 PM IST
LONDON (Reuters) - The iconic black dress worn by Audrey Hepburn in the 1961 film "Breakfast at Tiffany's" will go on sale in December with an estimated price tag of 50-70,000 pounds ($90-130,000), Christie's auctioneers said on Wednesday.
The dress, designed by Givenchy and worn by Hepburn in the memorable opening scene of the classic romantic comedy, is being auctioned on behalf of the City of Joy Aid charity which helps underprivileged children in India.
It is the star lot of the annual film and entertainment sale at Christie's, in London's upmarket South Kensington, held this year on Dec. 5.
Hepburn, who plays Holly Golightly in the movie, emerges from a cab onto a deserted, early-morning 5th Avenue in New York and peers through the window of jeweller Tiffany's while she eats her breakfast from a brown paper bag.
Last Updated: Wednesday, 26 July 2006, 11:54 GMT 12:54 UK
Hepburn dress in charity auction
The money will be given to the Indian charity City of Joy Aid
The black dress worn by Audrey Hepburn in Breakfast at Tiffany's is to be auctioned for a charity which helps under-privileged people in India.
The outfit was designed by Hubert de Givenchy, who was in charge of Hepburn's wardrobe in the 1961 film.
The actress played Holly Golightly and is seen in the dress in the opening scene as she emerges from a taxi.
It is expected to fetch between £50,000 and £70,000 when sold by Christie's in London on 5 December.
Hepburn was born in Brussels in 1929, and died from colon cancer at the age of 63.
She had spent her later life concentrating on humanitarian work, including a role as a goodwill ambassador for Unicef, which began in 1989.
Breakfast at Tiffany's was adapted from a novel by Truman Capote and also starred George Peppard, Patricia Neal and Mickey Rooney.