TV & Radio
Last Updated: 16 August 2006
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Who's Next? 2007
International: Ségolène Royal
International: The woman who may be France's next leader is much more than a pretty face.
'Ségo'has turned out to be the most mediagenic candidate in French history
By Christopher Dickey
Dec. 25, 2006 - Jan. 1, 2007 issue - An "Iron Lady" might have been easier for France's old boys' network to deal with. Europe has seen a lot of ferrous females since Margaret Thatcher first appeared across the Channel in the 1970s. But in her rise to front runner in the French presidential elections, scheduled for next April, Ségolène Royal has caught her macho opponents completely off guard. After she announced her ambitions for the top job, Royal was dismissed as a lightweight; critics asked "who would mind the children" if she ran, and derided her glamorous style as "too much container and not enough content."
Big mistake. Last month Royal won the Socialist Party nomination by a landslide, not least because of her style. For a country weary of the same moldering male politicians—current President Jacques Chirac began his political career while Mao was still convulsing China—Royal is the face of change.
She is even something of a surprise to her closest associates. Royal has lived for decades with current Socialist Party chief François Hollande, and worked closely with the late president François Mitterrand. But she was a mere junior minister in the 1990s. Now, on the stump, she's turned out to be the most mediagenic candidate in French history. At 53, she's undeniably beautiful and comfortably chic, wearing bright colors (from Paule Ka for the most part) that leave her gray-suited rivals in the shade. As a campaigner her stamina is stunning. On a recent trip to Senegal, her press entourage marveled that even traveling through infernal heat Royal never broke a sweat. At a subliminal level, "Ségo" taps into the Gallic legends that made a girl in armor, Joan of Arc, the liberator of her country, and a mythical woman on the barricades, Marianne, the liberator of its people.
Her leading right-wing opponent, Nicolas Sarkozy, has also staked his campaign on change—in his case, combating Gallic stagnation with more American-style entrepreneurialism. But his medicine threatens to be bitter. While Royal hints at a Tony Blairish centrism, her advisers say she plans to keep her exact positions fairly vague until weeks before the election. For a French electorate that gave extremist Jean-Marie Le Pen 17 percent of the vote in 2002 and sank the European constitution last year, that's just fine. They want their frustrations to be heard; it remains an open question whether they're prepared for the bite of real reforms.
If she wins, though, how will Royal make the shift from listener to leader? There's the hint in her manner of another iconic French character, the institutrice, or schoolmistress, as she flashes a commanding smile when her patience is tested by impertinent questions. That side of her may come to the fore in the later stages of the campaign. Having heard out the people, and decided on the assignment, she'll eventually have to tell the class it's time to get to work. Only then will we know if France is ready for change as a fact, not just as a face.
With Tracy McNicoll in Paris and Dakar
野田 修 伊藤 保 湯原 俊二前田 八壽彦 小玉 正猛廣江 弌 上村 忠史鉄永 幸紀 石村 祐輔中尾 享 性同一性障害者の性別の取扱いの特例に関する法律の改正を求める意見書
平成 年 月 日
同性愛者登場で休止の子供番組 放送再開、米で論争 (産経 2006/12/19)
The New York Times
December 18, 2006
Censured PBS Bunny Returns, Briefly
By DENNIS GAFFNEY
What happens to a children’s public television show after it has been attacked by the secretary of education, pilloried by conservatives, then abandoned by its underwriters? In the case of “Postcards From Buster,” it manages to return, belatedly but unbowed, for a second season.
“We were proud of ‘Postcards From Buster,’ and we are proud of ‘Postcards From Buster,’ ” said Brigid Sullivan, vice president for children’s programming at WGBH, the Boston PBS station that produces the show. “It’s a children’s show dealing with diversity by showing real kids in real-life situations. That’s not being done by anyone else.”
In “Postcards From Buster” documentary footage of children from different cultures is combined with animation of Buster and his friends. This season includes only 10 episodes, which began in November and will run through February, a far cry from the 40 produced for the show’s first season.
Children first came to know Buster Baxter, the animated bunny who is the show’s star, as the best friend of Arthur, the animated aardvark who is the title character of another PBS series. But most adults probably first heard of Buster in January 2005, midway into the show’s first season, when word got out that an episode about maple sugaring, called “Sugartime!,” would feature children in a Vermont family with two moms.
Education Secretary Margaret Spellings attacked the episode in a letter to Pat Mitchell, the former PBS president, dated Jan. 25, 2005. “Many parents would not want their young children exposed to the life-styles portrayed in this episode,” she wrote. The same day PBS removed “Sugartime!” from its lineup. In the days that followed, the American Family Association, a major Christian conservative organization, orchestrated a campaign of more than 150,000 e-mail messages and letters to Ms. Spellings supporting her position, said Ed Vitagliano, a spokesman for the association.
WGBH responded by independently offering “Sugartime!” to each PBS station. It said that 57 of 349 stations broadcast the episode in March 2005, making it available to more than half of PBS viewers. But the “Sugartime!” controversy made finding funds for a second season difficult.
“All the traditional funding sources backed away,” said Jeanne Jordan, the series producer for the second season of “Postcards.” The Education Department’s Ready-to-Learn program, which had largely financed the first season of “Postcards” with $5 million through PBS, rewrote its grant to eliminate the call for cultural diversity, and PBS did not pursue that grant for Season 2. Neither the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, which is controlled by Congress and provided funds for Season 1, nor the traditional corporate sponsors of PBS children’s programming would underwrite the show.
The producers, musicians, editors and writers of “Buster” were let go from the show for almost a year; under normal circumstances the second season would have begun in fall 2005. That fall PBS decided to provide most of the money needed for a season of 10 shows.
“We’re very committed to ‘Buster,’ ” said Stephanie Aaronson, a PBS spokeswoman. “Buster is a popular character. Kids love him. We feel there’s not enough programs for the early elementary-age set, and we like the mix of animation and live action.”
With PBS on board other underwriters, among them the Arthur Vining Davis Foundations and the Annenberg Foundation, pitched in. WGBH also found about a half-dozen nontraditional donors, like the Gill Foundation and the Small Change Foundation, which support gay and lesbian causes.
Perhaps surprisingly, this season continues to deal with hot-button issues. In an episode being shown today, Buster visits Fort Leonard Wood, an Army post in Missouri, to meet the family of a father who is stationed in Iraq. On Jan. 29 Buster will learn about the Mexican border, traveling with children to Tijuana from San Diego to meet their pen pals. And in the last show of the season, scheduled for Feb. 19, Buster revisits some children from the first season, whose homes in Louisiana were damaged or destroyed by Hurricane Katrina.
Pierre Valette, one of the executive producers of “Postcards,” said that the show managed to approach even intensely political topics, like the war in Iraq and the aftereffects of Katrina, in an apolitical manner. Buster does this, he said, by looking at the world through a child’s eyes.
In the episode from Fort Leonard Wood, for example, Buster must be shown where Iraq is on a globe, and he worries about being asked to do push-ups.
A main purpose of the episode, Ms. Jordan, the producer, said, is to reveal what life on a military base is like, especially for a family that has a member serving in a war. Erin Munoz, a 10-year-old featured in the show, never expresses her opinions about the war. Neither does her mother, Cheri Munoz, or the other adults who were filmed.
In one sequence the cameras catch a phone call from Erin’s dad, Steve, who at the time had been in Iraq for only a week. “We’re happy to talk to him,” Mrs. Munoz tells Buster afterward, “but then we’re sad ’cause we remember we miss him.”
Mrs. Munoz, who watched the episode in a preview screened at the Army base, said she believed it was important for others to see what her family was experiencing. “If you’re a military family, it will give you an opportunity to discuss how you may feel, especially if someone is deployed,” she said. “If you’re not a military family, you can see how you might feel to be in this situation.”
Next season producers are planning to do three specials, sending Buster to Africa, the Middle East and China. Ms. Sullivan of WGBH said the hope was that his travels abroad would attract international supporters, who weren’t interested in providing funds for the first two seasons, which focused on American children.
“The strategy is to aim high,” Ms. Sullivan said. “And if you do the right thing, the money will come. And eventually the controversy fades.”
Public Broadcasting Service
インド陸上選手の銀はく奪か 性別検査で問題点浮上 アジア大会 (共同 2006/12/18)
2006年12月18日（月） 17時23分 ロイター
［ニューデリー １７日 ロイター］ １５日に閉幕した第１５回アジア大会で、陸上女子８００メートルで銀メダルを獲得したサンティ・ソウンダラジャン（インド）が、性別検査で問題点を指摘されていることが分かった。インド・オリンピック委員会が１７日明らかにした。
Report: Indian silver medalist female runner at Asian Games fails gender test
The Associated Press
Monday, December 18, 2006
NEW DELHI, India
An Indian runner who won a silver medal in the women's 800 meter run at the Asian Games earlier this month has failed a gender test and is likely to be stripped of her medal, news reports said Monday.
Santhi Soudarajan, 25, was made to take the gender test in Doha, Qatar after her victory.
The test reports sent to the Indian Olympic Association on Sunday say said she "does not possess the sexual characteristics of a woman," The Times of India reported. The test was administered by a medical commission set up by the games' organizers.
There are no compulsory gender tests during events sanctioned by the International Association of Athletics Federation, but athletes can be asked to take a gender test. The medical evaluation panel usually includes a gynecologist, endocrinologist, psychologist, and an internal medicine specialist.
Dr. Manmohan Singh, chairman of the medical commission of the Indian Olympic Association told the Indian Express newspaper that the Olympic Council of Asia had been informed of the results of Soudarajan's gender test.
Sports officials in the athlete's home state of Tamil Nadu said that they have no information on her whereabouts.
"If the reports are true, then it is very sad and extremely disappointing," her coach, P. Nagarajan, told the Indian Express.
Last Updated: Monday, 18 December 2006, 05:05 GMT
Indian athlete fails gender test
A top Indian woman athlete who won a silver medal at a recent regional championship has failed a gender test, officials say.
Santhi Soundararajan, who took the silver in the women's 800m race at the Asian Games in Doha, is likely to be stripped of her award, reports say.
Soundararajan, 25, was declared the best athlete at an Indian championship in the capital, Delhi, this year.
In 1999, a woman in an Indian state football team failed a gender test.
"Santhi was subjected to a gender test in Doha and we have received the report which says she failed the test," said Manmohan Singh, chairman of the Indian Olympic Association's Medical Commission.
The test is not mandatory, but carried out if officials want it or a rival team protests, reports say.
The test was done soon after Soundararajan came second in the women's 800m race on 9 December.
Reports say the athlete cleared the gender test at the Asian track and field championship in South Korea last year where she won the silver medal in the 800m.
It is not clear how she failed the test at the Asian Games in Doha.
This the second controversy to hit Indian athletes within a month - female shot putter Seema Antil was withdrawn from the Asian Games she failed a pre-competition dope test.
800m走 男女世界記録 (Wikipedia)
記録 タイム 名前 所属 日付
世界 1分41秒11 ウィルソン・キプケテル デンマーク 1997年8月24日
記録 タイム 名前 所属 日付
世界 1分53秒28 ヤルミラ・クラトフビロバ チェコスロバキア 1983年7月26日
米副大統領の娘が妊娠 同性愛者でも大統領が祝福 (中日 2006/12/16)
George Bush Says He's 'Happy' for Mary Cheney
FRIDAY DECEMBER 15, 2006 05:20 PM EST
President Bush tells PEOPLE he is happy for Vice President Dick Cheney's daughter Mary, who is expecting a child with her partner, Heather Poe.
In an exclusive year-end interview, the President told PEOPLE, "The Vice President took me aside and gave me the good news. He and his wife, Lynne, are very happy for Mary."
In 2005, Bush said that ideally "a child is raised in a married family with a man and a woman."
Asked if he still felt that way knowing Mary and her partner, he said, "I think Mary is going to be a loving soul to her child. And I'm happy for her."
Mary Cheney, 37, and Poe, 45, have been together for 15 years and are expecting their first child late in the spring.
Although Cheney was a key aide on her father's 2004 reelection campaign, she has said she disagrees with Bush's stance on gay marriage.
"I am in favor of legalized same sex marriage," she told PEOPLE in May. But during the campaign, she says, "I had no doubt, even with that disagreement, that President Bush was the absolute best person to be leading us at this time in our country's history."
The White House family had some happy news this week: Mary Cheney, the Vice President's daughter, is pregnant.
THE PRESIDENT: The Vice President took me aside and gave me the good news. He and his wife, Lynne, are very happy for Mary.
You said in 2005 that ideally "a child is raised in a married family with a man and a woman." Knowing Mary and her partner, Heather, do you still think that?
THE PRESIDENT: I think Mary is going to be a loving soul to her child. And I'm happy for her.
On the Assembly floor yesterday, Wilfredo Caraballo watched as votes were tallied on a bill to give gay couples the same rights as heterosexuals.
The New York Times
December 15, 2006
Legislators Vote for Gay Unions in New Jersey
By LAURA MANSNERUS
TRENTON, Dec. 14 — The Legislature voted on Thursday to make New Jersey the third state in the nation to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples. In doing so, it moved quickly to fulfill a court mandate to provide equal rights to gay couples but frustrated people on both sides of the emotional issue.
Gov. Jon S. Corzine, who is expected to sign the measure into law, said, “I think we’re doing the right thing.”
In joining Vermont and Connecticut in establishing the parallel institution of civil unions, New Jersey shunned the option of opening marriage to same-sex couples. Massachusetts is the only state that allows gay marriage, and it has a residency requirement; some same-sex couples have married in Canada.
New Jersey’s new unions, which would take effect 60 days after the governor gives the nod, would expand on the domestic partnership arrangements the state has had since 2004. Gay couples would gain benefits like adoption privileges, inheritance rights and the ability to take a partner’s surname without going to court.
But gay-rights advocates continued to contend Thursday that the separate institutions were inherently unequal and promised to keep pushing for nothing short of marriage itself.
“We’re planning a massive rally the day the civil union law takes effect, to pre-empt the idea that this is a day for celebration,” said Steven Goldstein, the chairman of Garden State Equality, a gay-rights group.
Still, about 20 supporters of gay rights who had gathered in the gallery for the hourlong floor debate cheered when the Assembly voted 56 to 19 in midafternoon to approve the measure. They also applauded when Assemblyman Reed Gusciora, a Princeton Democrat, said, “The distance between nothing and civil unions is greater than the distance between civil unions and marriage.”
But Assemblyman Ronald S. Dancer, a Republican from Ocean County, said that the bill was an affront to the Bible, and that “this is one time that I cannot compromise my personal beliefs and faiths.”
The Senate passed the bill 23 to 12.
The civil union law was written under pressure, in response to a directive by the New Jersey Supreme Court seven weeks ago that the state grant gay and lesbian couples exactly the same financial benefits and legal rights as married heterosexual couples.
The Supreme Court gave the Legislature 180 days to decide whether gay couples should be allowed to marry or placed on a separate, parallel track. Both houses quickly settled on the civil union route, sending it through in just 10 days from introduction to final votes.
While the Legislature was instructed not to fall short of equality in the benefits it extended, conservatives lobbied to reserve the word “marriage” for heterosexuals, and on Thursday Republicans tried unsuccessfully to amend the bill to define marriage as the union of one man and one woman.
“I believe the foundation of our state is families, marriage, one man, one woman,” said Senator Robert W. Singer, the Republican from Jackson who sponsored the amendment proposal. “Why do you want to crumble that? We’re not taking away anyone’s rights, just sanctifying what marriage is.”
Without the amendment, the legislation leaves open the possibility of allowing same-sex marriage.
“Give us two to five years,” said Assemblyman Wilfredo Caraballo, the Newark Democrat who introduced the civil unions measure. “In a year and a half or two years we’ll see that the world hasn’t collapsed, heterosexuals are still getting married and God hasn’t thrown fire and brimstone on us.”
Mr. Caraballo said proponents of gay marriage could not have pushed through a full marriage bill by the court’s deadline in April.
He noted that just three years ago, it was a struggle to enact the limited package of rights and benefits that characterize domestic partnerships. “We had to twist arms to get 41 votes,” he said.
But Mr. Goldstein pointed to the legislators, including some Republicans, who had said the civil union bill did not go far enough. “Today’s debate for civil unions could be summed up in two words: buyer’s remorse, for legislators who wish they were voting for full marriage equality,” he said.
David Buckel, of the Lambda Legal Defense and Education Fund, said after the Senate vote, “This law hit with a dull thud.”
Mr. Buckel represents the couples whose lawsuit led to the Oct. 25 Supreme Court decision, in which the justices held unanimously that to deny them the full rights accorded married heterosexual couples violated their equal protection rights. He said he would consult his clients about going to the court again to argue that the new law does not meet its mandate.
Few legislators have said explicitly that they oppose civil unions. In the floor debate Thursday, several Republicans raised other objections (no Democrat voted against the measure).
Assemblyman Richard A. Merkt of Morris County contended that the Supreme Court had overreached, saying, “I expect once again this Legislature will surrender its authority as it has many times in the last 40 years.”
Social conservatives had focused their efforts on retaining the traditional definition of marriage. Len Deo, the president of the New Jersey Family Policy Council, said at a news conference Thursday with Senator Singer that the civil union bill “moves us toward same-sex marriage.”
“People have a right to rights,” Mr. Deo said, “but they don’t have a right to redefine an institution that’s served us well for 2,000 years.”
New Jersey same-sex unions still inferior to marriage: gays
Fri Dec 15, 3:22 PM ET
Gay rights activists said that New Jersey's move to permit same-sex unions left them still "inferior" to married couples, but welcomed it as progress toward equality.
On Thursday the state legislature voted to allow same-sex unions but not full-on marriage, following a state supreme court ruling two months ago that preventing same-sex unions was unconstitutional.
Gay activists gave a qualified welcome Friday to the decision.
David Buckel from gay marriage law firm Lambda Legal said that although it marked a step in the right direction, stopping short of allowing marriage still deprived gay couples of full equality.
"Although same-sex couples in New Jersey are better off today than yesterday, they are still not equal to other couples," he said in a statement.
"By passing a law that marks same-sex couples as inferior, the government has paved the way for others to discriminate against them.... Their relationships will likely continue to be disrespected," he said.
The state's highest court in October ruled that gay couples have the same rights as their heterosexual counterparts and that preventing same-sex unions violated the state constitution.
The court gave the state legislature six months to decide whether to amend the marriage laws or create a new framework for same-sex unions.
"Denying rights and benefits to committed same-sex couples that are statutorily given to their heterosexual counterparts violates the equal protection guarantee" of the constitution, the court said in its ruling.
It said that while it did not find that a fundamental right to same-sex marriage existed in the state, same-sex couples did not enjoy the same rights as their heterosexual counterparts.
"The unequal dispensation of rights and benefits to committed same-sex partners can no longer be tolerated under our state constitution," it added.
Groups opposed to gay marriage condemned October's decision, saying radical activists had convinced the court to hold a gun to the head of the legislature.
Although the US Congress recently voted down a proposal for an amendment to the US constitution that would ban gay marriage, 45 of 50 states have laws that limit marriage only to opposite-sex couples.
Massachusetts is the only US state that currently permits gay marriage while Vermont allows "civil unions" between same-sex couples.
Lesbian couple lose Irish marriage recognition case
Thu Dec 14, 11:28 AM ET
A lesbian couple living in Ireland have lost a landmark court case to have their marriage recognised there.
Katherine Zappone and Ann Louise Gilligan, who married in Canada in 2003, took legal action after Irish Revenue Commissioners refused to recognize them as a couple for tax purposes.
They argued that not recognizing their marriage breached their rights under the Irish Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights.
Justice Elizabeth Dunne rejected that argument on Thursday.
"The right sought by the plaintiffs was the right to marry," Dunne said in a written judgment.
"...I do not think that it is a right which exists for same sex couples either under the Irish Constitution or under the European Convention."
Same sex partnerships and marriages currently have no legal status in Ireland although Justice Minister Michael McDowell said earlier this year the government would propose new laws recognizing same sex couples in the next 12 months.
However, he said the legislation would fall short of allowing marriage.
Family law in predominantly Catholic Ireland, where homosexuality was illegal until 1993, has struggled to keep up with the rapid pace of social change heralded by more than a decade of rapid economic growth.
"Undoubtedly people in the position of the plaintiffs, be they same sex couples or heterosexual couples, can suffer great difficulty or hardship in the event of the death or serious illness of their partners," Dunne said in her judgment.
"It is to be hoped that the legislative changes to ameliorate these difficulties will not be long in coming. Ultimately, it is for the legislature to determine the extent to which such changes should be made."
If the legislation proposed by McDowell is passed, the changes would bring Ireland in line with the United Kingdom, which introduced civil partnerships late last year. The first female couple to tie the knot in the UK did so in the British province of Northern Ireland.
国連 うれしいニュース [人権（LGBT等）]
12月11日、ニューヨークで開かれている国連経済社会理事会（ECOSOC)でLGBTの人権のために活動してきた３つのNGOに協議資格が与えられました。協議資格を得ることで、国連においてアドバイザーおよびコンサルタントとして、さまざまな会議に参加したり、意見を表明したりすることができるようになります。 （参考 http://www.unic.or.jp/ngo/direct.htm）
■The Danish National Association for Gays and Lesbians (LBL) (デンマーク ゲイ・レズビアン連盟）
■The Lesbian and Gay Federation in Germany (LSVD), （ドイツ レズビアン・ゲイ連合）
（参考 http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs//2006/ecosoc6242.doc.htm ）